Stair & stair parts

What is stair? A continuous whole set of steps to join the two floors of structure is called stair. The room or area where stair is constructed is called stair case. The rectangular shape unit is called step. There’s two basic stair parts, tread and riser. The continuity of steps is called flight. A flight […]

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Building Construction

How to do Building construction? There’s first step is to make an estimate before starting the construction of residential building. Material cost, labour cost and contingencies are included in estimation consideration. Before the estimation, building plans and drawings are prepared according to the need of resident/owner, then it is approved by the competent authority and […]

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High rise buildings

High rise building construction

What is high rise building? High rise building refer to those structure which is taller than average height of buildings. These buildings consist of more than 14 floors. Nowadays there’s more tradition of high rise buildings. What is skyscraper? What is difference between high rise buildings and skyscraper? Skyscraper was refer to the buildings having […]

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Reinforced concrete

Reinforced concrete

What is reinforced conrete? Reinforced concrete is a simple concrete with a addition of reinforcement (rebars). Reinforced concrete is one of concrete type used widely around the world. What is the difference between concrete and reinforced concrete? Its the most commonly asked question. Reinforced concrete is same as plain concrete but there’s a use of […]

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Soil bearing capacity & soil stabilization

What is bearing capacity of soil? The capacity of soil to bear the load of structure on per unit area is called bearing capacity of soil. The more bearing capacity soil have, the more it is consider to be suitable for construction. Because, if the soil is able to bear more load, the foundation design […]

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Damp proof course

What is damp proof course? At the plinth level above the foundation/plinth beam there is a non-absorbent concrete layer, which is called damp proof course (DPC). It has 2.5-4 cm (1-1.75 inches) thick layer. Why DPC is provided in building? Or what is the purpose of DPC? It is provided to prevent the super structure […]

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Brick masonry, brick work quality & bonds

What is brick masonry? It the art/phenomenon of jointing bricks in proper way to construct a solid wall, which can bear/withhold load acting upon it, without causing any rupture to its structure is called brick masonry. How to do brick masonry? Brick masonry is done with expertise. During masonry principle of masonry and joint should […]

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Properties of good quality concrete

Concrete is a manmade material by mixing cement, sand, aggregates and water in a proper proportion. Number of factor involve in properties of good quality concrete. Cement is act as a binder while sand & aggregates work as inert material & increase in volume. Theres many different types of concretes, e.g. ready mix concrete, precast […]

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What is concrete?

What is concrete? A mixture of cement, fine aggregate (sand), coarse aggregate and water with a specific ratio & proportioning is called concrete. There’s different types of concrete & grades of concrete. Unit weight of concrete is: Plain cement concrete (PCC)= 2400 kg/m3 Reinforcement concrete (RCC)= 2500 kg/m3 Ingredients of concrete: In manufacturing of conc […]

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